The Hop Plant Company Hop Plant Propagation Specialists 

 
 
 
ADMIRAL 
 
Admiral was released in 1996 by Horticulture Research International (HRI) at Wye College in the UK and derived from Northdown and Challenger breeding lines. It is a tall hop, resistant to downy mildew, but only slightly tolerant to wilt and susceptible to powdery mildew. It grows vigorously, produces small compact cones and harvests well. Its storage stability is reasonably good. Admiral is a wonderful resinous hop with a relatively high alpha characteristic and excellent dry hop aroma qualities. 
 
Origin: UK 
Category: 
Primary Use: Bittering 
Health Grade: A+ 
Supply Restrictions: BHA Members Only 
More information: available at BHA website Click here 
 
BOADICEA 
 
Boadicea was the world’s first aphid resistant variety and as such is the most environmentally friendly hop available. Boadicea was released in 2004 by Horticulture Research International (HRI) at Wye College in the UK from ‘open crossing’ of aphid resistant hedgerow varieties. It is naturally resistant to aphids, and has good resistance to wilt and downy mildew therefore requiring fewer pesticides than any other hop. Its storage stability is good. Boadicea is an unusual hedgerow hop and is excellent for finishing and dry hopping. 
 
Origin: UK 
Category: 
Primary Use: Aroma 
Health Grade: A+ 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More information: available at BHA website Click here 
 
BRAMBLING CROSS (OT48) 
 
Released in 1951 by Wye College in the UK from a cross made in 1927, between Bramling (a traditional English Golding variety) and a male seedling of the Manitoban (Canadian) wild hop. It is wilt tolerant. Bramling Cross is a wonderful aromatic 'American-style' hop. It has high flavour intensity and works well as late copper, hop-back or dry hop addition and is a good experimental hop for brewers as a late or dry hop. 
 
Origin: UK 
Category: 
Primary Use: Dual Purpose 
Health Grade: A+ 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: available at the BHA website click here 
 
BREWERS GOLD 
 
Brewer’s Gold hops were selected by Ernest Stanley Salmon at Wye College in England in 1919 and were the result of the open pollination of a wild hop sourced from Morden, Manitoba. Despite its initial popularity, the advent of super-alpha hop varieties in the 1980’s rendered Brewer’s Gold largely redundant from a commercial perspective. For brewer’s wishing to experiment though, Brewer’s Gold is still a good choice for late bittering with desirable notes of spice and blackcurrant. It is also nearly identical to sister selection Bullion. Brewer’s Gold’s main claim to fame is arguably it’s direct relation to most modern super-alpha hops. It was used to breed notable varieties like Galena, as well as Nugget, Centennial and many others and is still used for breeding today. 
 
Origin: UK 
Category: 
Primary Use: Bittering 
Health Grade: H Status 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: available at Hoplist.com click here 
BULLION (UK) 
 
Bullion was bred by Prof Ernest Salmon at Wye College, Kent as a seedling under code Q43. It was raised in 1919 from seed collected as an open-pollination of wild Manitoban (Canada) BB1. It is a vigorous tall, conventional variety producing a heavy crop of large cones which pick easily. It matures early to mid season. Bullion was used in an extensive series of brewing trials conducted by the Institute of Brewing from 1935 which concluded that it was 'suitable for those purposes for which imported American hops are used'. It was released in 1938 and production rose steadily to a peak of 430 ha in 1968. It went out of UK production in 1986. 
 
Origin: UK 
Category: 
Primary Use: 
Bittering Health Grade: H Status 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: available at Hoplist.com click here 
CALAIS GOLDING 
 
Calais Golding is a true Golding variety, almost identical to Early Bird with light but spicy flavouring and sweet aroma, but heavier yielding & early maturing. There is special demand for these hops for use in copper hopping and dry hopping of traditional ales. Goldings are also found to be useful for late hopping lagers when a delicate aroma is required. The cones produced on this variety are very full and ornamental as well as a superb variety for brewing. Calais Golding has a moderate to strong growth habit and will grow to approx. 15-20 feet once mature. 
 
Origin: UK 
Category: Golding 
Primary Use: 
Aroma Health Grade: A+ Supply 
Restrictions: None 
More Information: available at the BHA click here 
CASCADE (UK) 
 
In Britain, it was introduced into production in 2002 from virus-free meristem stocks developed through Wye College and grows successfully as a tall, late-maturing hop here. It delivers the same aroma notes as the US version, although it is slightly less intense. It shows considerable tolerance of powdery and downy mildews although it is susceptible to aphids and very attractive to rabbits in the spring. It may show some tolerance of wilt disease but production is too limited to confirm this. Developed in Oregon, USA, from parentage derived from Fuggle and Serebrianker, it was released in 1971. It is the definitive hop used to produce American Pale Ales. 
 
Origin: UK 
Category: 
Primary Use: Dual Purpose 
Health Grade: H 
Status Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: available at the BHA click here 
CENTENNIAL 
 
Centennial owes its existence to a mix of Brewer’s Gold, Fuggle, East Kent Golding and Bavarian hops. Developed in 1974 and released in 1990, Centennial was pioneered by Charles (Chuck) Zimmerman and S.T. Kenny at Washington State University. It is at times referred to as super Cascade because of its similar citric characteristic. Centennial is a much-celebrated hop in its versatility with its depth of bitterness and forward aroma - two characteristics that balance each other beautifully. It is well suited to Pale Ales and IPAs with its high alpha content and is floral in both flavor and aroma. Centennial has had its ups and downs in the commercial brewing industry but is currently experiencing a return to popularity, particularly among leading craft breweries. 
 
Origin: USA 
Category: 
Primary Use: Dual Purpose 
Health Grade: H Status 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: available at Hoplist.com 
CHALLENGER (Wye Challenger) 
 
Challenger was released in 1972 by Wye College in the UK. Its Aunt is Northdown and its Grandmother is Northern Brewer. It is a tall hop with good resistance to downy mildew but it is susceptible to powdery mildew and wilt. It has good growing characteristics, long slender cones and is high yielding. Its storage stability is good. Challenger is an excellent all-round hop, which has proved extremely popular. 
 
Origin: UK 
Category: 
Primary Use: Dual Purpose 
Health Grade: A+ 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: available at BHA click here 
CHINOOK 
 
Chinook hops are suitable for any stage of the boil. They’re not only a natural for American-style Pale Ales and IPAs, but they also find their way into seasonal ales, barley wine and some porters and stouts. The variety is a cross between Petham Golding and a USDA male and features a pine-like, spicy bouquet with robust flavors of grapefruit. Released in 1985, Chinook has recently grown in popularity, particularly among craft breweries. Currently, they’re commercially featured alone in Stone’s Arrogant Bastard and in addition to Cascade and Centennial in Sierra Nevada’s Celebration Ale – a brew famous for its piney, citrusy character.  
 
Origin: USA 
Category: 
Primary Use: Dual Purpose 
Health Grade: H Status 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: available at hoplist.com click here 
COBB 
 
Cobb, also known as Cobb’s Golding, is a product of Canterbury Whitebine. Introduced in 1881 by Mr. John Cobb, it is among the varieties known as ‘Goldings’. A high-yielding aroma hop, it bears a classic English flavor and is lightly hoppy. In the past, it was in demand for copper and dry hopping in traditional English ales though its production has been curtailed now due to a susceptibility to wilt and mildew. It is known for its exquisite and delicate aroma.  
 
Origin: UK 
Category: Golding Primary Use: Aroma 
Health Grade: A+ 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: available at hoplist.com click here 
EARLY BIRD 
 
Early Bird, or Amos’s Early Bird as it was formerly known, is a Goldings variety and considered one of England’s premier aroma hops. While not terribly disease and wilt tolerant, it is bred for its immensely pleasing aroma and gentle hoppiness. Discovered in 1887 by Alfred Amos, the owner of Spring Grove farm in Wye, Early Bird was hand-selected from a field of Bramlings. Early Bird can definitely be a go-to hop when a delicate aroma is required. Commercially it has been featured by Britain’s oldest brewer, Shepherd Neame, in their gently bitter and lightly malted Early Bird Spring Hop Ale. 
 
Origin: UK 
Category: Golding Primary Use: Aroma 
Health Grade: A+ 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: available at hoplist.com click here 
EARLY CHOICE 
 
Early Choice hop plant was bred by Professor Salmon of Wye College in 1927 using an open pollinated hop with a Bramling Golding. Early Choice is high yielding and was previously widely grown in and around the mid Kent area. Increasingly used by brewers to be an acceptable alternative to use in their brewing recipes where the Golding flavours are required.  
 
Origin: UK 
Category: Primary Use: Dual Purpose 
Health Grade: H Status 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: 
ENDEAVOUR 
 
Endeavour Bred at Wye Hops in the UK, this is still on farm trial and has not been released for commercial growing yet. It is a cross between Cascade and a Hedgerow Hop. It is wilt tolerant and appears to be tolerant to powdery and downy mildews. Endeavour is a new wonderfully citrusy Hedgerow Hop that is creating a lot of interest and excitement. It has good storage stability. 
 
Origin: UK 
Category: Primary Use: Dual Purpose 
Health Grade: A+ 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: available at BHA click here 
ERNEST 
 
Ernest is named after its breeder, Professor Ernest Salmon. It was in production on farm trials in 1957 and 1958. It was used in brewing trials conducted by the Institute of Brewing in 1959 (reported 1960) but it was considered to be a poor substitute for the control variety, Fuggle, due to its 'strong, coarse, American aroma'. It has remained only in the variety collection now at Wye Hops. It is a vigorous, tall, conventional variety producing distinctly long cones. It is late maturing. Ernest was selected for farm trials when it was discovered to have good tolerance of wilt disease in the 1953 tests run by Dr Keyworth at East Malling Research Station surveying untested breeding lines. It is susceptible to powdery mildew and aphids but, with appropriate control, cones usually retain their green appearance late into September. It is particularly susceptible to downy mildew in the spring. 
 
Origin: UK 
Category: Primary Use: Dual Purpose 
Health Grade: Health Status 
Supply Restrictions: BHA Members Only 
More Information: available at BHA click here 
FIRST GOLD 
 
First Gold is the world's first Hedgerow Hop released in 1996 by Horticulture Research International (HRI) at Wye College in the UK. It is a cross of hedgerow male and WGV (Whitbread Goldings Variety), is wilt tolerant, resistant to strains of powdery mildew but susceptible to downy mildew. It has good storage stability. First Gold is a terrifically versatile aroma hop, perfect for more modern beer styles. It is a unique Goldings type hop and is also available as a fully certified organic hop variety. 
 
Origin: UK 
Category: Primary Use: Dual Purpose 
Health Grade: A+ 
Supply Restrictions: BHA Members Only 
More Information: available at BHA click here 
FUGGLE 
 
Fuggle Released in 1875 by Mr Richard Fuggle of Brenchley in Kent UK, from a seedling selected in 1861. Fuggle is revered as the classic English aroma hop and is often used in conjunction with Goldings. It can be used as a main copper hop and is also used for dry hopping. Similar to a Styrian Golding, is noted for its distinct European aroma and has enjoyed a long, versatile run. At its peak nearly 100 years ago Fuggle was known as a dual-use hop. Today however, as other higher alpha acid varieties have become more prevalent, it’s now more prominently used for its aroma. 
 
Origin: UK 
Category: Primary Use: Aroma 
Health Grade: A+ 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: available at BHA click here 
GALENA 
 
Super alpha Galena is one of the most widely used bittering hop varieties in the US and is also an excellent dual-use hop. Galena’s fruity flavor profile really kicks with clean and agreeable notes of citrus. Some brewers have noted its better when boiled in smaller quantities and that later additions bring forth stronger aromas of blackcurrant. Directly descended from Brewer’s Gold, Galena was brought about via open pollination and was officially selected in 1968 by agricultural scientist Richard R. Romanko in the state of Idaho. Commercially, Galena is most noted for it’s purported use as the only hop in pale lager, Corona Extra. 
 
Origin: USA 
Category: Primary Use: Bittering 
Health Grade: H Status 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: available at hoplist.com 
GLACIER 
 
Developed by Washington State University and released in 2000, Glacier is a high yielding, dual-purpose hop characterized by low cohumulone levels, giving it a moderate and pleasant bitterness. Glacier’s aroma and flavor notes are herby, woody and citrusy. Glacier’s popularity in the brewing sector is growing. It is highly suited for IPAs, ESBs and APAs, but has been used in many other styles as well. It is the progeny of Elsasser, Northern Brewer and Brewer’s Gold.  
 
Origin: USA 
Category: 
Primary Use: Dual Purpose 
Health Grade: H Status 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: available at hoplist.com click here 
GOLDEN TASSELS 
 
Golden Tassels launched to the trade in September 2003. With its striking golden foliage it makes an good backdrop to borders, features well on trellis and pergolas. Golden Tassels produces decorative, golden foliage throughout the season and dainty flowers in July. An abundance of splendid traditional hop cones are then borne in the late summer and autumn. These turn an attractive golden-bronze colour in the autumn and are not only popular when dried for rustic interior decoration but are suitable for flavouring all types of home-brewed ales and lagers. The cones have excellent aroma properties and medium bittering potential. Golden Tassels will grow to a maximum height of 6-9ft (half the height of the conventional hop). It will grow well on almost any type of well-drained soil and is very easy to cultivate. 
 
Origin: UK 
Category: 
Primary Use: Aroma 
Health Grade: H Status 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: 
HALLERTAUER 
 
Hallertau, Hallertauer and Hallertauer Mittelfrüher are all names for the original German Hallertau variety. Dating back more than 100 years, it stems from an old German landrace and is one of the original four “noble” hops. It features a lightly flowery and spicy aroma. Though its popularity has been steadily declining over the past 50 years - primarily as a result of grave susceptibility to verticillium wilt and poor yields - it has been used to create a multitude of offspring, most of which are wilt tolerant.  
 
Origin: Germany 
Category: 
Primary Use: Aroma 
Health Grade: H Status 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: available at hoplist.com click here 
HERALD 
 
Herald hops were one of a first wave of dwarf hops introduced to the industry. It was released in 1996 alongside sisters Pilgrim and Pioneer. Some brewers were initially reluctant to use Herald despite its clean bitterness and a nice nose of orange and grapefruit. Today Herald is employed by a multitude of craft breweries, particularly in the UK. 
 
Origin: UK 
Category: 
Primary Use: Dual Purpose 
Health Grade: A+ 
Supply Restrictions: BHA Members Only 
More Information: available at hoplist.com click here 
HERSBRUKER 
 
German hop Hersbrucker was originally bred with the intention of producing a variety resistant to verticillium wilt that could act as a replacement for Hallertau Mittelfrüh. Hersbrucker reached the height of it’s popularity in the 1970’s and 1980’s but despite that, Germany’s overall production of this hop today still exceeds 1000 metric tons each year. It can even be found organically grown on several boutique hop farms. With low alpha acids and low cohumulone, it exhibits a pleasant aroma with a balanced, fruity, spicy and floral character. It has commonly been used in German lagers, however this variety is now making its way into some fine English cask ales. It has been cloned several times in an attempt to improve its alpha acid content, but without success. 
 
Origin: Germany 
Category: 
Primary Use: Aroma 
Health Grade: H Status 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: available at hoplist.com click here 
KEYWORTHS MIDSEASON 
 
It was raised as seedling OR55 in 1924 from open-pollinated seed collected from Y90 which was a daughter of wild Neomexicanus hop. It was selected in 1943 as one of the few varieties found to show moderate resistance to wilt disease. It is the mother of Density and Defender. It is a vigorous variety producing large, dense cones. As its name suggests, it matures mid to late season. Keyworths Midseason was bred by Prof Ernest Salmon at Wye College, Kent. Following Institute of Brewing trials in 1945 and 1948 where it was considered to be acceptable, the Hops Marketing Board arranged for propagation and distribution to farms in 1949 because of the urgent need for a wilt tolerant variety. In 1949, 133 acres were planted which rose to a peak of 573 acres in 1954 followed by a gradual decline.  
 
Origin: UK 
Category: 
Primary Use: Aroma 
Health Grade: H Status 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: available at BHA click here 
LATE CLUSTER 
 
Late Cluster is the old lady of the US hop industry, originating from natural cross pollination of early hop plants brought over by European settlers. Late Cluster, one of a number of Cluster varieties, which are among the oldest hop crops in the US, and until the 1970s was the top growing hop. Late Cluster is a dual purpose hop used mainly in porter and heavier beers but its moderate alpha makes it suitable in lighter brews too. This hop plant has amazing storage abilities.  
 
Origin: USA 
Category: Primary Use: Dual Purpose 
Health Grade: H Status 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: 
LIBERTY 
 
Born in 1983, Liberty is half-sister to Crystal, Ultra and Mt. Hood. It originates from Hallertau Mittelfrüher and a disease resistant German aroma male. Liberty’s yield is low but it still enjoys popularity, especially in the US. It is a genetically sterile variety and not suitable for breeding. Harvest Moon Brewery uses Liberty liberally in their Full Moon Pale Ale along with Cascade. Given its heritage, it’s no wonder Liberty is likened characteristically to noble hops. Brewers should be advised that, due to Liberty’s very poor storage stability, they should be obtained and used fresh where possible.  
 
Origin: USA 
Category: 
Primary Use: Aroma 
Health Grade: H Status 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: available at hoplist.com click here 
MAGNUM 
 
Magnum is fast becoming a brewing favorite in Europe and towards being one of the most widely grown high alpha varieties in the US. Used predominately as a base bittering hop it features an exceptional growth rate, yield and superlative storage stability and is said to result in squeaky clean bitterness and subtle citrus-like flavors. Originally created at the German Hop Institute in Hull, Magnum was released to the brewing world in 1980 and has since been recognized as being most suited to pale ales and lagers where a clean bitterness is desired. It is the result of a cross between Galena and an unnamed German male variety.  
 
Origin: Germany 
Category: 
Primary Use: Bittering 
Health Grade: H Status 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: available at hoplist.com click here 
 
Male 25/68/173 (Early) 
Male 18/67/20 (Late) 
Male 12/67/65 (Mid) 
MATHON 
 
The pedigree of the Mathon hop is a bit of a mystery. Early writings about hops indicate that both Mathon and Goldings were growing side by side as early as the late 1700’s. Writings today appear to suggest that it may have hailed specifically from Farnham Whitebine or Canterbury Whitebine in much the same way the Goldings varieties did. One this is for sure, it solidly features the pleasant aroma for which most Goldings hops are well known. 
 
Origin: UK 
Category: 
Primary Use: Aroma 
Health Grade: A+ 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: available at hoplist.com click here 
MERLIN (21/21) 
 
Origin: UK 
Category: 
Primary Use: 
Health Grade: 
Supply Restrictions: 
More Information: 
MOUNT HOOD 
 
Released in 1989, Mount Hood is an American-bred cultivar stemming from Hallertau Mittelfrüher. Popular among American craft brewers, it makes a good aroma hop, with characteristics similar to a Hallertau or Hersbrucker and is also half-sister to Crystal, Ultra and Liberty. It features a pleasant noble hop aroma and has been noted to impart somewhat of a flavor “punch” when freshly brewed – at least in comparison to true noble hops.  
 
Origin: USA 
Category: 
Primary Use: Aroma 
Health Grade: H Status 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: available at hoplist.com click here 
NEW PIONEER (Isobel) 
 
Origin: UK 
Category: 
Primary Use: 
Health Grade: A+ 
Supply Restrictions: BHA Members Only 
More Information: 
NORTHDOWN 
 
Northdown was developed at Wye College in the UK and came into commercial production in the early 1970's. Northdown is a high yielding, dual-purpose variety with a large and bold cone structure. Northdown has good resistance to downy mildew, but is susceptible to powdery mildew and verticillium wilt. It has very good storage stability. Northdown's high oil levels give it a distinctive aroma. It can be used for bittering or late hopping.  
 
Origin: UK 
Category: 
Primary Use: Dual Purpose 
Health Grade: A+ 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: available at BHA click here 
NORTHERN BREWER (UK) 
 
Northern Brewer is a well-known dual-use hop developed at Wye College in 1934. Currently, it is being grown in several countries around the world. The original was a cross between East Kent Golding and a Brewer’s Gold male. Today, it is grown mostly in Germany and the US. Northern Brewer is used majorly in European beers and ales, from Lambics to Porters and everything in between. It is also popular in California Common-style beers with its woody, piney and minty essence.  
 
Origin: UK 
Category: 
Primary Use: Dual Purpose 
Health Grade: A+ 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: available at hoplist.com click here 
NOTTS EASTWELL 
 
Notts Eastwell Golding was developed at Eastwell Park, outside of Ashford, Kent. This hop plant is very similar to other Golding hops and shares their flavour and aroma characteristics. It also has similarities to Fuggle.  
 
Origin: UK 
Category: 
Primary Use: Aroma 
Health Grade: H Status 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: 
NUGGET 
 
Nugget’s super alpha acid content, low beta and low cohumulone percentages give it an excellent bittering kick popular in IPAs, Imperials and other super hoppy brews. It’s high myrcene content also results in a green, herbal aroma. Daughter of Brewer’s Gold and mother of Millennium, Nugget’s popularity has grown quickly. Released in 1983, by 1987 it was producing 14% of the Pacific Northwest’s hops.  
 
Origin: USA 
Category: 
Primary Use: Dual Purpose 
Health Grade: H Status 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: available at hoplist.com click here 
OMEGA 
 
Omega, despite its pleasant European aroma, decent alpha, storage stability and wilt resistance, exhibited a yield far too low to gain any major foothold commercially. Omega was Dr. R. A. Neve’s swansong before leaving his post in 1984 as head of the Hop Section at the esteemed English horticultural institution, Wye College.  
 
Origin: UK 
Category: 
Primary Use: Aroma 
Health Grade: H Status 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: available at hoplist.com click here 
PERLE 
 
The original Perle was created in Germany sometime during the 1960’s or early-mid 1970’s from Northern Brewer and a German male. It was released to the public in 1978. Some European breweries have claimed that Perle is much like and a good substitute for Hallertau Mittelfrüher. Others in the US and Japan however have disagreed with that assessment. Perle is said to have a pleasant aroma, elements of mint and pine with a hint of spice.  
 
Origin: Germany 
Category: 
Primary Use: Dual Purpose 
Health Grade: H Status 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: available at hoplist.com click here 
PHOENIX 
 
Developed at the same time as Admiral, Phoenix is a seedling of Yeoman, developed at Horticulture Research International (HRI), Wye College in the UK and released for general cultivation in 1996. Phoenix produces good-sized cones well down the bine. A versatile and robust variety, with a high tolerance to wilt, resistance to strains of powdery mildew, but susceptible to downy mildew. It has excellent storage stability. Phoenix is an unusual hop with high oil content making it a good alternative to a dual-purpose or bittering hop. Brewers have reported interesting results when using it as a late hop. It is a little known hop as it was originally grown and sold to just one brewer.  
 
Origin: UK 
Category: 
Primary Use: Dual Purpose 
Health Grade: A+ 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: available at BHA click here 
PILGRIM 
 
Bred at Horticulture Research International (HRI), Wye College in the UK, Pilgrim was a new variety released in 2001. With its plump and oval cone structure, it is highly tolerant to wilt and has a good resistance to both powdery and downy mildews. It has excellent storage stability of the resins. With a much hoppier aroma due to its higher levels of Humulene and Challenger-like Selinene, it works well as a bittering or late aroma hop.  
 
Origin: UK 
Category: 
Primary Use: Dual Purpose 
Health Grade: A+ 
Supply Restrictions: BHA Members only 
More Information: available at BHA click here 
PILOT 
 
Bred at Horticulture Research International (HRI) Wye College in the UK and released in 2001, Pilot is a high yielding hedgerow variety. It has a tolerance to wilt, but is susceptible to both downy and powdery mildews. It has good storage stability. With an essential oil that is distinctively different to other British hops, Pilot works well as a bittering or late aroma hop. 
 
Origin: UK 
Category: 
Primary Use: Bittering 
Health Grade: A+ 
Supply Restrictions: BHA Members only 
More Information: available at BHA click here 
PIONEER 
 
Pioneer was bred at Horticulture Research International, Wye College in the UK and released originally in 1996. It is a high alpha, high yielding variety and is a very acceptable substitute for many other hops used for kettle hopping. Pioneer is a hedgerow variety with a good tolerance to wilt, but is susceptible to both downy and powdery mildews. It has very good storage stability. Pioneer has a high flavour intensity and is suitable as a bittering and late aroma hop.  
 
Origin: UK 
Category: 
Primary Use: Dual Purpose 
Health Grade: A+ 
Supply Restrictions: BHA Members only 
More Information: available at BHA click here 
PRIMA DONNA 
 
Origin: UK 
Category: 
Primary Use: Dual Purpose 
Health Grade: H Status 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: 
PROGRESS 
 
Originally introduced as a replacement for Fuggle, a seedling of WGV crossed with OB79, it was developed at Wye College in the UK in 1951 and released for commercial growing in 1964. Progress is a tall hop with a cone structure similar but more open than that of Fuggle and it has a tolerance to wilt, but a susceptibility to powdery and downy mildews. Progress makes an excellent bittering and late aroma hop. 
 
Origin: UK 
Category: 
Primary Use: Aroma 
Health Grade: A+ 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: available at BHA click here 
RECORD 
 
Originating in Belgium sometime prior to 1970, Record hops feature a pleasant European aroma. Bred from an open pollination Saaz and Northern Brewer, their aroma characteristics are said to closely resemble that of the later parent, Northern Brewer. Flavor-wise, they have been described as mild and somewhat fruity. Record has been grown in a commercial capacity in both Germany and Belgium. 
 
Origin: Belgium 
Category: 
Primary Use: Aroma 
Health Grade: H Status 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: available at hoplist.com click here 
REDSELL'S EATWELL 
 
Redsells Eastwell is a Golding selection made at Tony Redsell’s farm in 1988 when Wye College was trying to find viroid free stock of all varieties. It is a true Kentish Eastwell Golding. It is one of the most vigorous and higher yielding Golding varieties.  
 
Origin: UK 
Category: 
Primary Use: Aroma 
Health Grade: A+ 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: 
SAAZ 
 
Officially registered in 1952, the original Saaz, or Czech Saaz as it is sometimes known, has established itself as a staple variety for brewers and dates back more than 700 years. Originating in Zatec, Bohemia (now part of the Czech Republic) it is an esteemed red-bine variety that is now grown around the world. New Zealand in particular has embraced Saaz, breeding several descendants including the popular Motueka and Riwaka varieties (B & D Saaz, respectively). Saaz is one of the four original Noble hops and has a distinctive and classic aroma. Known for its prominent use in Stella Artois and countless Bohemian Lagers and Pilsners. Its warm, herbal character stems from a high level of farnesene while its other oils are in fair balance. With such a low alpha acid percentage, Saaz is inarguably an aroma hop, however, when used as an early addition it is thought to add a delicate bitterness. Additionally, its elevated content of polyphenols aids in abating oxidation, giving beer brewed with Saaz a notably longer shelf life. Growing Saaz is not without its difficulties. Specifically, it endures a meager yield, has weak mildew resistance and light cones. The original Saaz variety has been successfully cloned 9 times between 1952 and 1993 in an effort to improve these factors. Originally, growers were hesitant to hybridize, fearing the loss of its signature and delicate aroma. This hybridization has become necessary though to breed resistance to wilt and mildew and make it a more viable crop. Despite these few shortcomings, breweries use it prolifically worldwide. 
 
Origin: Czech Republic 
Category: Noble Hop 
Primary Use: Aroma 
Health Grade: H Status 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: available at hoplist.com click here 
SANTIUM 
 
Developed at the Agriculture Research Service in Corvallis, Oregon, Santiam hails from parent varietals Swiss Tettnanger, German Hallertauer Mittelfrüher and a slightly more distant Cascade (US)-derived cultivar. It was released to the brewing public in 1997 and features a well-balanced oil profile. The resultant tasting notes are a pleasantly soft, herbal essence alongside floral and fruity aromas with hints of pepper and spice. Santiam is often used by brewers to embellish the aroma of India and American Pale Ales. 
 
Origin: USA 
Category: 
Primary Use: Aroma 
Health Grade: H Status 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: available at hoplist.com click here 
SILKS B 
 
Silks B (Males for Goldings) 
SILKS C 
 
Silks C (Males for Goldings) 
SOVEREIGN 
 
Bred from an open pollination made in 1995 at Horticulture Research International (HRI), Wye College in the UK and released in 2006, Sovereign is the grand-daughter of Pioneer and works well with Goldings in British bitters and pale ales. Increasingly well regarded, Sovereign works well as a single hop and is a wonderful hedgerow variety with a medium alpha acid range and wonderfully complex aroma. 
 
Origin: UK 
Category: 
Primary Use: Bittering 
Health Grade: A+ 
Supply Restrictions: BHA Members only 
More Information: available at BHA click here 
STAR 
 
Star Not to be confused with Southern Star, Star is an old Belgian land race variety, which is no longer grown commercially. It was largely discontinued due to poor vigor and yield but It is however still obtainable in small quantities for home brewing. It exhibits excellent storage stability and sports a lovely continental-type aroma. 
 
Origin: Belgium 
Category: 
Primary Use: Aroma 
Health Grade: H Status 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: available at hoplist.com click here 
STYRIAN GOLDING 
 
Styrian Golding or Savinjski Golding as it is commonly known, goes by a multitude of sometimes confusing aliases. Confusing still is the fact it actually doesn’t come from a Golding at all, but is rather the result of the clonal selection of Fuggle and as such exhibits many Fuggle-like characteristics. It was considered a major crop in the 1930’s in both Styria, a state in Austria and across the Savinja river in Slovenia (former Yugoslavia). Its staying power has been attributed to its disease resistance, specifically, its resistance to mildew. It is now world-renowned hop and in high demand. From a brewer’s perspective, Styrian Golding is a lovely aroma hop and exhibits resinous, earthy flavors that are perhaps considered slightly more refined than Fuggle. It has also been described as imparting subtle aromas of white pepper to a brew.  
 
Origin: Slovenia 
Category: 
Primary Use: Aroma 
Health Grade: H Status 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: available at hoplist.com click here 
TARGET 
 
Released in 1972 by Wye College in the UK, Target is a cousin of Challenger and has developed to become a widely grown and established English Hop variety. It has a high tolerance to wilt and resistance to strains of powdery mildew but is susceptible to downy mildew. Target is a robust hop with an excellent intense aroma, well regarded as an aroma hop for late hopping or dry hopping and used effectively as a bittering hop too. 
 
Origin: UK 
Category: 
Primary Use: Dual Purpose 
Health Grade: A+ 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: available at BHA click here 
TETTNANGER 
 
Selected from an old German landrace, Tettnanger is grown the world over. Swiss, US and Australian varieties can be found on the market today though some foreign versions labeled “Tettnanger” are actually a hybridized mix with Fuggle and not considered a true Tettnanger hop. Tettnanger is grown around its native village of Tettnang in southwest Germany and in small quantities near lake Konstanz in Switzerland. Though characteristically similar to Hallertau and genetically similar to Saaz, Tettnanger has notably more farnesene content giving it a soft spiciness and a subtle, balanced, floral and herbal aroma. It is also great as a dual-use hop, and considered by many as being particularly well suited to European lagers and pilsners.  
 
Origin: Germany 
Category: 
Primary Use: Aroma 
Health Grade: H Status 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: available at hoplist.com click here 
TOYOMIDORI 
 
Produced in Japan for Kirin Brewery Co in 1981 and released in 1990, Toyomidori has since been largely discontinued due to problems with downy mildew. It was developed alongside Kitamidori and Eastern Gold as a high alpha variety but was the least successful of the three in this respect. Toyomidori is a cross between Northern Brewer and a Wye male and is also the parent of Azacca.  
 
Origin: Japan 
Category: 
Primary Use: Bittering 
Health Grade: H Status 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: available at hoplist.com click here 
TRADITION 
 
Hallertau Tradition is a Hüll-bred fine aroma hop originating from Hallertau Mittelfrüher, Hallertauer Gold and Saaz. Bred specifically for fungus and disease resistance, it succeeded in that effort and also features higher alpha acids than its parent varieties, low cohumulone and higher myrcene. It was released for commercial production in 1989. Its oil profile contributes to a wonderfully earthy and grassy character atop a nose of nectar fruits. It is best used late in the boil, or for dry hopping. This utilization is preferential since its humulene content has been noted to dissipate rapidly when heated.  
 
Origin: Germany 
Category: 
Primary Use: Aroma 
Health Grade: H Status 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: available at hoplist.com click here 
WHITBREAD GOLDING VARIETY (WGV) 
 
Whitbread Golding enjoys a robust flavor and hoppiness particularly in comparison to other Golding varieties. With its pleasant, fruity, European-style aromatics, it has traditionally been very popular in England and is currently grown extensively for commercial, craft and home brewing use. When used as an early addition, Whitbread Golding features a sharp and pronounced bitterness. First selected in 1911 by hop grower Edward Albert White, it is the result of open pollinated Bate’s Brewer. Its current name however was not coined until after the Whitbread Brewing Company acquired the farm on which it was raised some years later. It also wasn’t until 1953 that the variety was officially released for production. Hailed as a savior variety by growers in Kent in the 1950’s, Whitbread Golding’s resistance to Verticillium Wilt helped cement it as an industry favorite after the disease devastated Golding and Fuggle crops in the region at that time.  
 
Origin: UK 
Category: Golding 
Primary Use: Aroma 
Health Grade: A+ 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: available at hoplist.com click here 
WILLIAMETTE 
 
Considered a pillar of the US hops industry, Willamette is one of the most prolifically grown varieties in the US. First selected in Oregon in 1967, it received USDA accession in 1971 and was released the same year. Willamette is a triploid aroma hop with its heritage being primarily derived from English variety Fuggle and Fuggle Tetraploid. It shares this same pedigree with its sister selection, Columbia. When brewed, Willamette features complex spiciness characterized by both herbal, floral and fruity notes. Originally bred to replace Fuggle, it has excelled in popularity in recent times, particularly among craft brewers and accounts for approximately 20% of all commercially grown hops in the US today.  
 
Origin: USA 
Category: 
Primary Use: Aroma 
Health Grade: H Status 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: available at hoplist.com click here 
YEOMAN 
 
Bred at Wye College in the 1970’s, Yeoman is no longer available on the commercial brewing market, but instead has made its mark in breeding other notable varieties. It is responsible for Pioneer and also the Australian hop Super Pride, which has since superseded Pride of Ringwood. Its alphas are very high for an English hop. It seems well equipped for disease resistance and sports a pleasant bitterness and a citrusy aroma.  
 
Origin: UK 
Category: 
Primary Use: Dual Purpose 
Health Grade: H Status 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: available at hoplist.com click here 
 
ZENITH 
 
Zenith is an English hop variety, created at Wye College in the 1970s. It was grown as a high alpha hop with good resistance to disease. It has high alpha and high myrcene, low cohumulone and a myrcene/humulene ratio of about 2:1. Its rhizomes are usually available from November to February, which is also the best time to plant them.  
 
Origin: UK 
Category: 
Primary Use: Bittering 
Health Grade: H Status 
Supply Restrictions: None 
More Information: available at hoplist.com click here 

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